Wednesday, May 18, 2011

Current Account Convertibility

Current Account Convertibility:

Convertibility of a currency implies that a currency can be transferred into another currency without any limitations or any control. A currency is said to be fully convertible, if it can be converted into some other currency at the market price of that currency. If currency has to be convertible, it shall not be subjected to these restrictions.
Current account convertibility refers to currency convertibility required in the case of transactions relating to exchange of goods and services, money transfers and all those transactions that are classified in the current account. On the other hand, capital account convertibility refers to convertibility required in the transactions of capital flows that are classified under the capital account of the balance of payments.
At present, the Indian rupee is partly convertible on current account. In 1997, the Tarapore Committee on Capital Account Convertibility (CAC), constituted by the Reserve Bank, had indicated the preconditions for Capital Account Convertibility. The three crucial preconditions were fiscal consolidation, a mandated inflation target and, strengthening of the financial system.

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